A Truthful History





There was no sovereign governor in Iran after Nadir Shah. Every regionand district had its own ruler. They fought with their troops against one another. One ofthem was Azad Khan with the tribe of Afghans, the other - Kerim Khan, who occupied Fars, Lurestan, Araq, and the territory near to it, the third- Muhammad Hasan Khan Qajar- heconquered the districts of Astarabad and Mazandaran, and the last, Fath' Ali KhanAfshar - the governor of Urmia (Urumi). None of them obeyed the other.

Panah Khan started to rule over Karabagh. He took advantage of thedisagreements between Armenian meliks of Khamsa, brought them under his control andpunished the rebellious ones. He seized from the governor of Nakhichevan the mahals of Meghri Giuney down to Bargushat. The mahal s of Zangezur and Capan were capturedfrom the beglarbegs of Tabriz, and also the territory from the river of Tartar andUshachogh down to the borders of Sevan Lake (Giokcha)- the settlement of the Kolani tribefrom the governor of Erevan. Thus, from 1755 through 1757 Panah Khan became the governorof the whole territory from the bridge of Khoda-Aferin (on Arax River) down to the riverof Kurak, which had been the dominion of the beglarbegs of Ganje. Moreover, hebrought groups of people ruled by one minbashis of Kengerlu tribe, living inNakhichevan, of Demirchi-Hasanlu and Jinlu tribes from Georgia to Karabagh and settleddown. All of them were brought near and given places worthy for habitation. They served tohim faithfully and never betrayed or disobeyed his will.

Javanshir, Otuziki and Kiabirli tribes had been Karabagh inhabitants. All of them served to him [Panah Khan], but, occasionally, the tribes of Javanshir andOtuziki betrayed him. [Panah Khan] subdued the khans and governors of Ganje, Karadagh, Ardebil, and Nakhichevan in a short time. He appointed his men and agents in some of them, took heirs and wives as hostages from every country and kept them in Tarnakiut.